I'm having a rough day. HB is flat lining on the charts, again. That boy is a picky eater as much as I try. The pedi wants us to start adding heavy cream to any purees we make, butter, and to start cow's milk with Carnation instant breakfast mixed in. She said that it may sound counter intuitive for an adult, but we need to feed him high calorie foods. So this afternoon I gave him french fries, as much as I cringed about it. I also added heavy cream to some soup. He's not too fond of cow's milk. It's frustrating because I'm at my wits end about how to fatten him up. Honestly, if this doesn't work, then the pedi has to do something or figure out why he's so skinny. I can't force feed him lard. It just seems ridiculous. She did say that he looked orange again, but I told her I'm just trying to get him to eat and if that means he's orange then oh, well. Anybody have any ideas about how to fatten up a child? I know he doesn't eat enough, but he's just refusing to eat foods. We try to give him ones he'll eat, but then he doesn't eat nearly enough of it. He likes cake and icecream. Is it a bad idea to feed him that everyday for a month?
Okay...back to the Sabbath. This part I'm going to discuss the Sabbath as described from a Jewish point of view. The second part is about how this ties in with the Lord's Day, or Sunday.
For those of you who don't know, the Sabbath is not Sunday. The Sabbath is Saturday. The Lord's Day is Sunday. The Lord's Day is a Christian thing which the Sabbath customs have been transferred too. I'll explain what I mean in the next part, but it suffices to say that in order to understand the Lord's Day you need to understand the Sabbath.
Of all the Jewish laws, the Sabbath is one that's discussed often and with great clarity. The Sabbath refers to both a day of the week as well as a year and a point in the seventh month. Let's discuss the year and the month first and then the day, since the Sabbath year or month isn't celebrated in Catholic (and for that matter the vast majority of Christian) circles.
According to Exodus and Leviticus, on the seventh year, you are to let your fields, vineyards, and olive groves lay fallow (meaning don't sow or anything) so that the poor and wild beasts may glean from it. After seven years of service, slaves may be allowed to be free unless they choose to remain slaves for the rest of their lives. In Leviticus, on the first day of the seventh month, the Israelites were to present a food offering to the Lord, to not work, and to have a sacred assembly complete with trumpet blasts. Similarly, on the fifteenth day of the seventh month the first day of that week is a Sabbath rest and so is the eighth day. This is after the crops have been gathered.
Now for the Sabbath day, it was punishable by death to not keep the Sabbath. A person, slave or citizen, and all beasts of burden were not allowed to work. The Sabbath calls you to not cook "bake what you want to bake, boil what you want to boil and save whatever is rest and keep it until morning." In Exodus, you're not allowed to even light a fire. You're also not allowed to go outside your house.
I've looked up additional information on what Jews today consider to be "work" since obviously a Rabbi "works" on the Sabbath at Temple. The word "work" is not the same in the sense of a job but rather the physical. Here is a list of what an observant Jew today does not do on the Sabbath, which starts sundown Friday through sundown Saturday. This list is the 39 categories of melakhah.
- Binding sheaves
- Shearing wool
- Washing wool
- Beating wool
- Dyeing wool
- Making two loops
- Weaving two threads
- Separating two threads
- Sewing two stitches
- Salting meat
- Curing hide
- Scraping hide
- Cutting hide up
- Writing two letters
- Erasing two letters
- Tearing a building down
- Extinguishing a fire
- Kindling a fire
- Hitting with a hammer
- Taking an object from the private domain to the public, or transporting an object in the public domain.
Not all Jews agree about these observances. Some Jews have timers which will shut off electricity as needed, but some think that's still violating the Sabbath. And some groups like Reform Jews believe that some of these things like writing can be done as long as it enhances what Sabbath is about, rest and the study of the Torah.
The next post I will discuss the Lord's Day, how that came about, how it ties in to the Jewish observances of the Sabbath, what the Catechism says about the Lord's Day, and some ways that we can observe the Lord's Day using Sabbath traditions.